美国专利那些事儿

link on JianShu

ReadHub上看到这样两条记录——

搜索对照了一下原文,Sina的标题起得好,对文章进行了编译,腾讯比较忠实地翻译了原文 IBM称霸27年华为第10 US patents hit record 333,530 granted in 2019; IBM, Samsung (not the FAANGs) lead the pack 英文标题意思是专利最多的并不是赚钱最多的那几家格式 FAANG group(FacebookAmazonAppleNetflix and Google)

2019增长最快的七家公司

  • Kia Motors – jumps 58 places to #41
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise – jumps 28 places to #48
  • Facebook – up 22 places to #36
  • Micron Technology – up 9 places to #25
  • Huawei – up 6 places to #10
  • BOE Technology – up 4 places to #13
  • Microsoft – up 3 places to #4

完整榜单——

2019年获得专利最多的100家公司:

2019 Top 50 US Patent Assignees

Organization Country 2019 Grants 2018 Grants %Change RankChange
1 International Business Machines Corp United States of America 9,262 9,100 2 0
2 Samsung Electronics Co Ltd Korea (South) 6,469 5,850 11 0
3 Canon Inc Japan 3,548 3,056 16 0
4 Microsoft Technology Licensing LLC United States of America 3,081 2,353 31 3
5 Intel Corp United States of America 3,020 2,735 10 -1
6 LG Electronics Inc Korea (South) 2,805 2,474 14 -1
7 Apple Inc United States of America 2,490 2,160 15 2
8 Ford Global Technologies LLC United States of America 2,468 2,123 16 2
9 Amazon Technologies Inc United States of America 2,427 2,035 19 3
10 Huawei Technologies Co Ltd China 2,418 1,680 44 6
11 Qualcomm Inc United States of America 2,348 2,300 2 -3
12 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co TSMC Ltd Taiwan 2,331 2,465 -5 -6
13 BOE Technology Group Co Ltd China 2,177 1,634 33 4
14 Sony Corp Japan 2,142 1,688 27 1
15 Google LLC United States of America 2,102 2,070 2 -4
16 Toyota Motor Corp Japan 2,034 1,959 4 -3
17 Samsung Display Co Ltd Korea (South) 1,946 1,948 0 -3
18 General Electric Co United States of America 1,818 1,597 14 0
19 Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB Sweden 1,607 1,353 19 1
20 Hyundai Motor Co Korea (South) 1,504 1,369 10 -1
21 Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd Japan 1,387 1,254 11 1
22 Boeing Co United States of America 1,383 1,227 13 1
23 Seiko Epson Corp Japan 1,345 1,285 5 -2
24 GM Global Technology Operations LLC United States of America 1,285 1,046 23 3
25 Micron Technology Inc United States of America 1,268 924 37 9
26 United Technologies Corp United States of America 1,252 1,011 24 4
27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Japan 1,244 1,106 13 -2
28 Toshiba Corp Japan 1,170 1,104 6 -2
29 AT&T Intellectual Property I LP United States of America 1,158 985 18 3
30 Robert Bosch GmbH Germany 1,107 1,136 -3 -6
31 Honda Motor Co Ltd Japan 1,080 926 17 2
32 Denso Corp Japan 1,052 1,003 5 -1
33 Cisco Technology Inc United States of America 1,050 848 24 4
34 Halliburton Energy Services Inc United States of America 1,020 807 26 5
35 Fujitsu Ltd Japan 1,008 1,038 -3 -6
36 Facebook Inc United States of America 989 602 64 22
37 Ricoh Co Ltd Japan 980 1,043 -6 -9
38 Koninklijke Philips NV Netherlands 973 844 15 0
39 EMC IP Holding Co LLC United States of America 926 801 16 1
40 NEC Corp Japan 923 715 29 5
41 Kia Motors Corp Korea (South) 921 349 164 55
42 Texas Instruments Inc United States of America 894 785 14 0
43 LG Display Co Ltd Korea (South) 865 681 27 5
44 Oracle International Corp United States of America 847 685 24 3
45 Murata Manufacturing Co Ltd Japan 842 743 13 -1
46 Sharp Corp Japan 819 643 27 5
47 SK Hynix Inc Korea (South) 798 801 0 -6
48 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP United States of America 794 428 86 28
49 Fujifilm Corp Japan 791 658 21 1
50 LG Chem Ltd Korea (South) 791 621 28 4
51 Brother Industries Ltd Japan 782 612 28 6
52 Hewlett Packard Development Co LP United States of America 770 545 41 14
53 Siemens AG Germany 725 870 -17 -17
54 Toshiba Memory Corp Japan 725 700 4 -8
55 Honeywell International Inc United States of America 702 749 -6 -12
56 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co Ltd Japan 700 870 -20 -21
57 Dell Products LP United States of America 699 668 5 -8
58 University of California United States of America 696 576 21 4
59 Japan Display Inc Japan 684 614 11 -4
60 FANUC Corp Japan 665 388 71 28
61 Olympus Corp Japan 636 600 6 -2
62 Infineon Technologies AG Germany 632 614 3 -6
63 Applied Materials Inc United States of America 626 478 31 6
64 Capital One Services LLC United States of America 617 162 281 149
65 Konica Minolta Inc Japan 612 589 4 -5
66 GlobalFoundries Inc Cayman Islands 597 635 -6 -14
67 Kyocera Document Solutions Inc Japan 592 587 1 -6
68 Covidien LP United States of America 592 550 8 -3
69 Schlumberger Technology Corp United States of America 592 350 69 26
70 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute Korea (South) 588 514 14 -2
71 3M Innovative Properties Co United States of America 585 564 4 -7
72 SAP SE Germany 584 388 51 15
73 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co Ltd China 550 623 -12 -20
74 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Japan 544 524 4 -7
75 Renesas Electronics Corp Japan 516 566 -9 -12
76 Hitachi Ltd Japan 506 411 23 4
77 Saudi Arabian Oil Co Saudi Arabia 501 291 72 48
78 Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd Japan 495 327 51 27
79 Adobe Inc United States of America 479 343 40 20
80 Procter and Gamble Co United States of America 469 451 4 -10
81 Intel IP Corp United States of America 467 447 4 -10
82 Nike Inc United States of America 466 386 21 7
83 Baker Hughes Inc United States of America 460 434 6 -8
84 Kyocera Corp Japan 459 440 4 -11
85 Ethicon LLC United States of America 458 239 92 58
86 VMware Inc United States of America 456 323 41 22
87 Commissariat a lEnergie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives France 435 437 0 -13
88 Monsanto Technology LLC United States of America 434 406 7 -7
89 Nokia Technologies Oy Finland 428 417 3 -11
90 Samsung Electro Mechanics Co Ltd Korea (South) 417 329 27 14
91 Siemens Healthcare GmbH Germany 416 173 140 109
92 Tencent Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd China 416 320 30 17
93 Walmart Apollo LLC United States of America 414 131 216 192
94 Bank of America Corp United States of America 414 318 30 17
95 BASF SE Germany 411 367 12 -2
96 FutureWei Technologies Inc United States of America 409 351 17 -2
97 Tokyo Electron Ltd Japan 409 380 8 -6
98 Western Digital Technologies Inc United States of America 407 304 34 17
99 LG Innotek Co Ltd Korea (South) 402 422 -5 -22
100 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States of America 401 348 15 -3

2019年获得专利最多的企业集团:

IFI 250: Largest Global Patent Holders

Rank Ultimate Owner Active Families
1 Samsung Electronics Co Ltd 76,638
2 International Business Machines Corp 37,304
3 Canon Inc 35,724
4 General Electric Co 30,010
5 Microsoft Corp 29,824
6 Robert Bosch GmbH 28,285
7 Panasonic Corp 27,298
8 Siemens AG 25,320
9 Intel Corp 24,628
10 LG Electronics Inc 23,043
11 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd 21,522
12 Qualcomm Inc 21,255
13 Sony Corp 21,167
14 Alphabet Inc 21,084
15 Toyota Motor Corp 20,814
16 Nokia Oyj 20,492
17 Fujifilm Holdings Corp 18,538
18 General Motors Co 17,778
19 Fujitsu Ltd 17,564
20 Hitachi Ltd 17,329
21 Ford Motor Co 16,942
22 United Technologies Corp 16,926
23 Volkswagen AG 16,470
24 Broadcom Inc 15,135
25 Honda Motor Co Ltd 15,072
26 Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB 14,878
27 Apple Inc 14,849
28 Seiko Epson Corp 14,377
29 Huawei Investment and Holding Co Ltd 14,315
30 Toshiba Corp 14,201
31 Honeywell International Inc 13,892
32 HP Inc 13,673
33 Ricoh Co Ltd 13,321
34 Dell Technologies Inc 13,313
35 Oracle Corp 13,254
36 Texas Instruments Inc 13,253
37 Denso Corp 13,120
38 Mitsubishi Electric Corp 13,062
39 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co TSMC Ltd 12,792
40 Koninklijke Philips NV 12,474
41 Medtronic PLC 12,400
42 Johnson and Johnson 12,226
43 Cisco Systems Inc 11,498
44 Continental AG 11,195
45 BASF SE 10,987
46 Boeing Co 10,897
47 Brother Industries Ltd 10,163
48 NEC Corp 10,152
49 Infineon Technologies AG 9,854
50 Airbus SE 9,741
51 Bayer AG 9,654
52 Amazon com Inc 9,455
53 GlobalFoundries Inc 9,426
54 BlackBerry Ltd 9,379
55 NXP Semiconductors BV 9,328
56 Xerox Holdings Corp 9,276
57 Procter and Gamble Co 8,950
58 Western Digital Corp 8,927
59 Valeo SA 8,913
60 Kyocera Corp 8,769
61 STMicroelectronics NV 8,630
62 LG Display Co Ltd 8,523
63 Hyundai Motor Co 8,495
64 Safran SA 8,332
65 3M Co 8,306
66 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co 8,125
67 AT&T Inc 8,106
68 SK Hynix Inc 7,934
69 Olympus Corp 7,924
70 Micron Technology Inc 7,488
71 National Research Council of Science and Technology 7,426
72 Schlumberger Ltd 7,412
73 Konica Minolta Inc 7,366
74 BOE Technology Group Co Ltd 7,236
75 Renesas Electronics Corp 7,002
76 Corteva Inc 6,856
77 Nike Inc 6,787
78 Halliburton Co 6,638
79 Dow Inc 6,532
80 Boston Scientific Corp 6,519
81 Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd 6,466
82 Lenovo Group Ltd 6,379
83 Abbott Laboratories 6,265
84 Commissariat a lEnergie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives 6,120
85 Murata Manufacturing Co Ltd 6,116
86 Nissan Motor Co Ltd 6,096
87 Peugeot SA 6,046
88 TDK Corp 5,939
89 Roche Holding AG 5,732
90 Verizon Communications Inc 5,656
91 Caterpillar Inc 5,622
92 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co Ltd 5,586
93 Thales SA 5,500
94 Kioxia Corp 5,285
95 Schaeffler AG 5,172
96 ZF Friedrichshafen AG 5,152
97 LOreal SA 5,116
98 Applied Materials Inc 5,079
99 TCL Corp 4,886
100 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG 4,855
101 Renault SAS 4,851
102 University of California 4,841
103 MediaTek Inc 4,826
104 Industrial Technology Research Institute 4,783
105 LG Chem Ltd 4,759
106 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung eV 4,720
107 Aisin Seiki Co Ltd 4,708
108 ZTE Corp 4,568
109 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS 4,560
110 Eaton Corp PLC 4,553
111 Illinois Tool Works Inc 4,518
112 Bridgestone Corp 4,498
113 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd 4,451
114 Tokyo Electron Ltd 4,416
115 Seagate Technology PLC 4,376
116 Corning Inc 4,374
117 Deere and Co 4,370
118 Raytheon Co 4,350
119 Rolls Royce Holdings PLC 4,340
120 Exxon Mobil Corp 4,327
121 Novartis AG 4,265
122 Marvell Technology Group Ltd 4,197
123 Berkshire Hathaway Inc 4,191
124 Samsung SDI Co Ltd 4,174
125 Stanley Black and Decker Inc 3,921
126 Emerson Electric Co 3,919
127 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp 3,860
128 Danaher Corp 3,834
129 Yazaki Corp 3,829
130 Saudi Arabian Oil Co 3,770
131 Facebook Inc 3,716
132 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc 3,658
133 Becton Dickinson and Co 3,650
134 Merck KGaA 3,541
135 InterDigital Inc 3,515
136 Unilever PLC 3,471
137 Sanofi SA 3,469
138 Shin Etsu Chemical Co Ltd 3,441
139 Henkel AG and Co KGaA 3,336
140 Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin SCA 3,283
141 Adobe Inc 3,261
142 Motorola Solutions Inc 3,246
143 Lockheed Martin Corp 3,240
144 Evonik Industries AG 3,237
145 Faurecia SA 3,203
146 Japan Display Inc 3,201
147 Mahle GmbH 3,176
148 Nvidia Corp 3,135
149 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd 3,086
150 Signify NV 3,067
151 Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd 3,026
152 Nikon Corp 2,990
153 Merck and Co Inc 2,969
154 Daimler AG 2,965
155 Nippon Steel Corp 2,952
156 Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd 2,932
157 Aptiv PLC 2,931
158 Eastman Kodak Co 2,927
159 Whirlpool Corp 2,910
160 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV 2,889
161 US Secretary of Navy 2,871
162 Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corp 2,773
163 LG Innotek Co Ltd 2,732
164 Nestle SA 2,654
165 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2,526
166 Bristol Myers Squibb Co 2,490
167 FANUC Corp 2,490
168 Daikin Industries Ltd 2,472
169 Kimberly Clark Corp 2,465
170 Air Liquide SA 2,441
171 Electrolux AB 2,416
172 JTEKT Corp 2,396
173 Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co 2,389
174 Omron Corp 2,367
175 Pfizer Inc 2,357
176 Zimmer Biomet Holdings Inc 2,345
177 GlaxoSmithKline PLC 2,316
178 Quarterhill Inc 2,314
179 Samsung Electro Mechanics Co Ltd 2,307
180 Colgate Palmolive Co 2,282
181 Syngenta AG 2,263
182 SEB SA 2,254
183 CH Boehringer Sohn AG and Co KG 2,235
184 Fuji Electric Co Ltd 2,212
185 Bank of America Corp 2,126
186 Kao Corp 2,101
187 NGK Insulators Ltd 2,097
188 International Game Technology PLC 2,086
189 Walt Disney Co 2,077
190 Chevron Corp 2,042
191 Nitto Denko Corp 2,039
192 Technicolor SA 2,015
193 Yamaha Corp 2,005
194 IFP Energies Nouvelles IFPEN 2,001
195 Shimano Inc 1,992
196 Asahi Kasei Corp 1,971
197 Royal Dutch Shell PLC 1,968
198 Innolux Corp 1,952
199 DuPont de Nemours Inc 1,932
200 Ningbo Joyson Electronic Corp 1,913
201 Arkema SA 1,909
202 Ecolab Inc 1,883
203 Covestro AG 1,809
204 Orange SA 1,796
205 Alps Alpine Co Ltd 1,778
206 Tencent Holdings Ltd 1,769
207 Nuance Communications Inc 1,737
208 Toray Industries Inc 1,730
209 Hoya Corp 1,728
210 NTN Corp 1,725
211 AGC Inc 1,715
212 Koninklijke DSM NV 1,685
213 Accenture PLC 1,668
214 Leland Stanford Junior University 1,660
215 Voith GmbH and Co KGaA 1,644
216 Cypress Semiconductor Corp 1,630
217 Linde PLC 1,568
218 Toyota Industries Corp 1,567
219 Krones AG 1,528
220 Fortive Corp 1,507
221 Mazda Motor Corp 1,485
222 Takeda Pharmaceutical Co Ltd 1,480
223 Allergan PLC 1,454
224 Agilent Technologies Inc 1,442
225 NGK Spark Plug Co Ltd 1,428
226 Toyoda Gosei Co Ltd 1,424
227 MinebeaMitsumi Inc 1,422
228 Weybourne Group Ltd 1,404
229 Chinese Academy of Sciences 1,370
230 JFE Holdings Inc 1,367
231 AstraZeneca PLC 1,347
232 Mitsui Chemicals Inc 1,305
233 Idemia Group SAS 1,301
234 JXTG Holdings Inc 1,280
235 Karl Storz SE and Co KG 1,261
236 Rheinmetall AG 1,256
237 Micro Focus International PLC 1,252
238 Pepsico Inc 1,229
239 Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd 1,225
240 AbbVie Inc 1,211
241 Comcast Corp 1,201
242 Dover Corp 1,183
243 Essity AB 1,149
244 Maxell Holdings Ltd 1,127
245 Bruker Corp 1,095
246 Target Corp 1,080
247 Cardinal Health Inc 1,066
248 DISH Network Corp 1,056
249 BT Group PLC 1,055
250 Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co Inc 1,028

这些专利信息数据都来自这家公司Information for Industry, Inc. IFI,google的专利搜索使用的基础数据也由这家公司提供。

IFI CLAIMS Patent Services于1955年以Information for Industry, Inc. (IFI)之名成立。电子数据和专有搜索软件最早于20世纪60年代问世,重点是化学专利信息。当时,IFI制作了美国第一个化学专利深度索引-Uniterm Index,平均为每个美国专利分配20到25个关键词。Uniterm Index最初是以印刷的双字典格式提供的。1967年,IFI开始以电子形式提供Uniterm index,并配有专有搜索软件供公司信息部门内部使用。

20世纪70年代,IFI的美国专利数据库进入了交互式在线搜索领域,成为Lockheed的Dialog Information Services提供的第一个专利数据库。IFI继续扩大其美国专利内容的深度和广度,包括所有专利技术、专利引用、法律状态变化、再转让和公布的申请。分销渠道也进行了扩展,将STN International和Questel包括在内。

数据扩充技术提供商Fairview Research于2010年从Wolters Kluwer手中收购了IFI CLAIMS,并扩大了业务范围,将所有行业的全球专利信息的高价值数据管理服务包括在内。

注册为网站用户后,还可以查看top1000


其他提供专利服务的机构——

美国专利商标局(USPTO) 欧洲专利局(EPO) 世界知识产权组织 (WIPO) 中国国家知识产权局 (SIPO)


 
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